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It must, therefore, value and cherish them all equally and reflect this in its structure, policies, conduct of public affairs, self-understanding and self-definition. First, human beings are culturally embedded in the sense that they grow up and live within a culturally structured world and organize their lives and social relations in terms of a culturally derived system of meaning and significance.
American Journal of Sociology. And we remain equally sceptical of all attempts to present it as one whose origins lie within itself, as self-generating and sui generis, for we feel persuaded that all cultures are born out of interaction with and absorb the influences of others and are shaped by wider economic, political and other forces.
The commitment to the political community involves commitment to its continuing existence and well-being, and implies that one cares enough for it not to harm its interests and undermine its integrity. Parekh writes about the dangers of avoiding ignoring diversity as well as if diversity is over addressed. Many accused the text of having no real world use, and only theory to back it up.
However, they can be defined in several different ways, of which the liberal is only one and not always the most coherent. They do and should matter to each other because they are bonded together by the ties of common interest and attachment. The early s marked the emergence of the multicultural movement at first in Canada and Australia and then in the U.
Guided by such loyalty, they might criticise their form of government, institutions, policies, values, ethos and dominant self understanding in the strongest possible terms if they think that these harm its survival and well-being.
This involves granting them equal rights of citizenship, a decent standard of living, and the opportunity to develop themselves and participate in and make their respective contributions to its collective life.
I would therefore like to begin by clarifying what it means and stands for, and then briefly highlight some of the problems facing a multicultural society. When we view the world from its vantage point, our attitudes to ourselves and others undergo profound changes.
Rethinking Multiculturalism – Bhikhu Parekh – Macmillan International Higher Education
He then discusses how it can be revised and what new conceptual tools are needed. From Wikipedia, the free pagekh.
M ulticultural societies in their multiculturalixm form are new to our age and throw up theoretical and political problems that have no parallel in history.
A culture cannot be at ease with differences outside it unless it is at ease with its own internal differences. Since the multicultural movement sprang up unplanned in many different political contexts, attracted a diverse cluster of groups, and has so far failed to throw up a coherent philosophical statement of its central principles, it lacks a clear focus and identity. Multicultuuralism took full account of religious and a rather limited account of cultural diversity, but none of ethnic self assertion.
The erstwhile Soviet Union and Yugoslavia lacked the requisite imagination and wisdom and met their doom. Indeed, it is multiuclturalism because it cherishes cultural plurality that it accommodates those that do not share its dominant cultural ethos. A multicultural society should not repeat the mistake of its monocultural counterpart by requiring that all its communities should become multicultural.
Rethinking Multiculturalism: Cultural Diversity and Political Theory
Cultural Diversity and Political Theory has been reviewed by several political and cultural authors. M isrecognition has both a cultural and a material basis. He was elected British Asian of He was elected British Asian of the Year in and received the BBC’s award for special lifetime bhikh in Each multicultjralism bits of the other within itself and is never wholly sui generis.
All it means is that no culture is wholly worthless, that it deserves at least some respect because of what it mklticulturalism to its members and the creative energy it displays, that no culture is perfect and has a right to impose itself on others, and that cultures are best changed from within. From a multiculturalist perspective, no political doctrine or ideology can represent the full truth of human life.
It is caused by, among other things, the manner in which the wider society defines itself, the demeaning ways in which the rest of its members talk about these groups, and the dismissive or patronizing ways in which they treat them. Individuals paremh carry their own culture disturb relationships of power that in return culture has previously been established In.
A Commitment to Cultural Pluralism”.
Rethinking Multiculturalism: Cultural Diversity and Political Theory – Wikipedia
Since each realises a limited range of human capacities and emotions and grasps only a part of the totality of human existence, it needs other cultures to help it understand itself better, expand its intellectual and moral horizon, stretch its imagination, save it from narcissism to guard it against the obvious temptation to absolutise itself, and so on. He was chair of the Commission on the Future of Multicuoturalism. The sense of belonging cannot be ethnic and based on shared cultural, ethnic and other characteristics, for a multicultural society is too diverse for that, but must be political and based on a shared commitment to the political community.
Misrecognition, therefore, can only be countered by undertaking a rigorous critique of the dominant culture and radically restructuring the prevailing inequalities of economic and political power.
All claims that a particular institution or way of thinking or living is perfect, the best, or necessitated by human nature itself appear incoherent and even bizarre, for it goes against our well-considered conviction that all ways of thought and life are inherently limited and cannot embody the full range of the richness, complexity and grandeur of human existence. Each of them — be it liberalism, conservatism, socialism or nationalism — is embedded in a particular culture, represents a particular vision of the good life, and is necessarily narrow and partial.
Retrieved from ” https: Please enter the letters displayed. Parekh’s book addresses several topics, primarily multicultural politics, as well as the practice and theory multicultturalism addressing these politics. T hird, every culture is internally plural and reflects a continuing conversation between its different traditions and strands of thought. The American Whites, for example, take a demeaning view of Blacks partly under the influence of the racist culture, partly because this helps them justify the prevailing system of domination, and partly because the deeply disadvantaged Blacks do sometimes exhibit some of the features that confirm White stereotypes.
Parekh’s text was criticized from other cultural authors based on his opinions in the book. It creates and defines multiculturalism in the form of political theory as well as political practice in the modern reghinking, being based on Parekh’s experience of Multiculturalism in British society as well as other areas around the world.
While different citizens would develop different emotions towards their community, multiculturxlism is necessary to sustain it and can legitimately be expected of them is a basic commitment to its integrity and well-being, what one might call patriotism or political loyalty.
This important and much acclaimed book rapidly became a classic on first publication. Multiculturalizm edition rapidly established itself as a classic in multiculturralism field 2nd edition further develops author’s distinctive views in an extensive response to critics Definitive statement of position by a leading scholar in the field worldwide. A political theorist of international renown he has held visiting chairs at many of the top US universities as well as in Vienna and Barcelona.
A multicultural society cannot be stable and last long without developing a common sense of belonging among its citizens.
It is a matter of degree and could take such forms as a quiet concern for its well-being, deep attachment, affection, and intense love. The political theories, institutions, vocabulary, virtues and skill that we have developed in the course of consolidating and conducting the affairs of a culturally homogeneous state during the past three centuries are of limited help, and sometimes even a positive handicap, in dealing ghikhu multicultural societies.
Muulticulturalism the dominant group generally welcomes neither, recognition is not given willingly as a gift or an act of grace. Cultures grow out of conscious and unconscious interactions with each other, define their identity in terms of what they take to rdthinking their significant other, and are at least partially multicultural in their origins and constitution.